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English and Spanish Renaissance

Music of
Spain's Siglo de Oro
Music of
Elizabethan England
El Greco Elizabeth I
King Philip II Queen Elizabeth I

Watch videos:
Renaissance Spain - [ Pavana - Milán | Fantasía by Mudarra | Mille Regretz by Narváez ]
Elizabethean England: [ Greensleeves ]

Renaissance Spain - Siglo de Oro

Pavana in C by Luis Milán

Luis de Milán (c.1500-1561) was a Spanish Renaissance composer, vihuelist, poet, and commentator on performance practice in Valencian courtly life. The Pavana comes from Milán's book El Maestro, the first vihuela tablature and first known book of instrumental music printed in Spain*.
* from Gásser, "Luis Milán on 16th Century Performance Practice

Fantasía X by Alonso Mudarra

Fantasía X by Alonso de Mudarra (c.1510-1580), subtitled "Que Contrahaze La Harpa en La Manera de Ludivico", is perhaps Mudarra's most famous composition. Its remarkable innovative chromaticism sounds modern even to modern day ears. The unusual cross-string fingerings are intended to imitate the sound of multiple strings played on a harp.

Mille Regretz by Luis de NarvŠez

Luis de Narváez (fl. 1526-1649) was 'maestro de vihuela' to Philip II*. His book "Los Seys Libros del Delphín de Música" contains instrumental fantasias and vocal transcriptions, like Mille Regretz, also known as "La canción del Emperador" which is a setting of a French Chanson attributed to Josquin Des Préz.
*from Chase "The Music of Spain"



Renaissance England - Elizabethan Era

Greensleeves - Anonymous English Ballad

Greensleeves is a anonymous English ballad, written over a traditional ground bass, the passamezzo antico*. During the time of Queen Elizabeth, many English Renaissance composers wrote treatments of this famous melody and it appears in various historical manuscripts of that era. The two variations included in this version were composed and performed by James Baird.
*from Bukofzer, "Music in the Baroque Era"


James Baird at the Lightner Museum - St Augustine FL
James Baird at the Lightner Museum, St Augustine, FL
Menendez Noche de Gala

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